One of the most terrible crimes of the Second World War was committed in the conditions of the previous German-Romanian occupation of Crimea within the period from the 10th to 12th days of December, 1941. The majority of representatives of the indigenous people of Crimea, Krymchaks, were assembled and executed by the occupation authorities.
As a consequence of this genocide and the subsequent assimilation policy of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics is the fact that in the present-day Ukraine, in their own homeland, there live less than 300 representatives of the Krymchaks people, the vast majority of them live in the temporarily occupied territory. The preservation of the Crimean ethnic identity, language and culture remains at stake. An urgent duty of the Ukrainian state is to take all possible measures to protect them.